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Proceedings: aabss conference 2014

ISBN 978-0-9925622-0-5

Proceedings of the
Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences Conference 2014
(in partnership with The Journal of Developing Areas)

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
August 25-26, 2014

All papers were double-blind reviewed to be accepted for the conference.

Editors
Abu N M Wahid
Carmen Reaiche Amaro

© 2014 Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences

To access any particular paper online, please click on the “All Papers” link below. Then you will have the selection option for a particular “Research Track” to narrow down your search.

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Message from the Conference Chair

Welcome to the first international conference of the Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences (AABSS). The Academy is devoted to high quality research and publication in business and social sciences.

The Academy, founded by a group of Australian academics is based on the belief that excellence in research and publication is the key to benefiting academics, businesses, society and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels. The Academy works with partners throughout the world and builds networks between research and publication, academic and society, the government and private sector, and across diverse interest groups. It organises international conferences on five continents and publishes scholarly research articles in journals and proceedings. The main objective of AABSS Conferences is to promote and publish ideas which are important for businesses, societies and economies throughout the world.

The Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences is also proud to be partners with The Journal of Developing Areas. Under the partnership agreement between Tennessee State University and Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences (AABSS) a number of high quality papers drawn from AABSS conferences will be published in the form of Special Issues of the Journal of Developing Areas.

This conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2014 is the first gathering of researchers under the banner of the Academy. We welcome researchers from around the world. Academics from over 30 countries representing every continent including North America, South America, Africa, Australia, Europe, The Middle East, The Pacific and Asia have gathered to share their latest research and ideas. Papers presented here in this proceedings cover all areas of business and management as well as a number of other areas in the social sciences. In particular you will find papers discussing recent trends in Economics, Management, Marketing, Accounting and Finance, Political Science, Sociology, Education and ICT. All papers presented here have been through a rigorous double blind peer review process ensuring the highest level of academic quality and relevance.

Stephen Boyle
Academic Director and Deputy Head of College
UniSA College, Academic Portfolio
University of South Australia
Adelaide, SA, Australia

August 20, 2014

Message from the Editor of The Journal of Developing Areas

It is indeed with great pleasure, I am writing this little note. Since I took over as editor of the Journal of Developing Areas (the JDA) in the early 2000s, I have been cherishing a dream, to be actively involved in organizing international conferences in partnership with a group like AABSS. I am exceedingly pleased that finally my dream has come true.

Today, at this momentous occasion, I have yet another dream that the JDA and AABSS would go a long way shoulder to shoulder upholding the highest standards in partnership, research, and creativity. I am confident, this cooperative initiative would last long and be a perpetual beacon of inspiration for serious and academic researchers around the world, especially the youngsters.

I believe, the methodologies and the findings contained in this collection would stimulate and encourage people in the academia and in policy making to be more innovative and productive in the years to come. I wish it to be a great success.

Abu N M Wahid
Editor, The Journal of Developing Areas
Nashville, TN. USA

July 29, 2014

PROGRAM ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CONFERENCE CHAIR
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia

PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR
ABM Abdullah – University of South Australia

CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia
Abu N.M. Wahid – Tennessee State University
Carmen Reaiche Amaro – University of South Australia
Ezaz Ahmed – Central Queensland University
ABM Abdullah – University of South Australia
Khaled Shukran – University of Malaya
Wahid Murad – University of South Australia

KEYNOTE SPEAKERS
Ronald J Johnson – North Dakota University
Chamhuri Siwar – National University of Malaysia
Rafiqul Islam Molla - International Islamic University Chittagong

DOCTORAL WORKSHOP SPEAKERS
Soumendra Ghosh – Tennessee State University
Abu N M Wahid – Tennessee State University
Rafiqul Islam Molla – International Islamic University Chittagong

SESSION CHAIRS
Ronald J Johnson – North Dakota University, USA
Rafiqul Islam Molla – Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh
Carmen Reaiche Amaro – University of South Australia, Australia
Habibullah khan – GlobalNxt University, Malaysia
Omar Khaled Rizwanul Bashar – Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
M Moniruzzaman – International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia
Mahbubur Rahman – North South University, Bangladesh
Ahmed Mustafa Elhussein Mansour - United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates
Pulak Mishra - Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Ariful Hoque – Murdoch University, Australia
Muhammad Muazzem Hossain – MacEwan University, Canada
Belayet Hossain – Thompson Rivers University, Canada
Mohamed Wahba – Arab Academy for Science and Technology, Egypt
Khalid A Alanzi – The Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait
Mahmudul Alam – National University of Malaysia, Malaysia
ABM Shahidul Islam – University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Fazlul Karim – Multimedia University, Malaysia
Noore Alam Siddiquee – Flinders University, Australia
Simon Watts – University of New South Wales, Australia
Jennifer Tunga Janang – University Technology Malaysia, Sarawak, Malaysia
Asniati – Andalas University, Indonesia
Simon Watts – The University of Newcastle, Australia
Paga Kallu Rao – Al Sharqiyah University, Sultanate of Oman

BEST PAPER AWARD COMMITTEE
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia
Abu N M Wahid – Tennessee State University
Carmen Reaiche Amaro – University of South Australia
Soumendra Ghosh – Tennessee State University

LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY
Alicia Stengert – UniSA College, University of South Australia
Catherine Madigan – University of South Australia
Carmen Reaiche Amaro - University of South Australia
Ezaz Ahmed – Central Queensland University
ABM Abdullah – University of South Australia
Khaled Shukran – University of Malaya
Wahid Murad – University of South Australia

ICT AND WEB MANAGEMENT
Khalid Saifullah

VENUE ARRANGEMENT AND ACCOMODATION
Sebastian Nathan – Hotel Grand Seasons, Kuala Lumpur
Khaled Shukran – University of Malaya

SPECIAL THANKS TO
Stephen Dowdy – Head of UniSA College, University of South Australia

AABSS 2014 CONFERENCE SPONSORS

The Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences thanks the following sponsors for making the 2014 Kuala Lumpur Conference possible through their generous contributions.