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Proceedings: acbss 2015 sydney

ISBN 978-0-9925622-1-2

Proceedings of the
Australasian Conference on Business and Social Sciences 2015, Sydney
(in partnership with The Journal of Developing Areas)

University of Central Queensland, Sydney, Australia
April 13-14, 2015

All papers were double-blind reviewed to be accepted for the conference.

Editors
Abu N M Wahid
Carmen Reaiche Amaro

© 2015 Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences

To access any particular paper online, please click on the “All Papers” link below. Then you will have the selection option for a particular “Research Track” to narrow down your search.

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Message from the Conference Chair

Welcome to the Australasian Conference on Business and Social Sciences (ACBSS) 2015, Sydney. The key organiser of the conference is Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences, which is devoted to high quality research and publication in business and social sciences.

The Academy, founded by a group of Australian academics is based on the belief that excellence in research and publication is the key to benefiting academics, businesses, society and other relevant stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels. The Academy works with partners throughout the world and builds networks between research and publication, academic and society, the government and private sector, and across diverse interest groups. It organises international conferences in five continents and publishes scholarly research articles in peer reviewed journals and proceedings. The main objective of ACBSS 2015 is to promote and publish ideas which are important for businesses, societies and economies throughout the world.

The Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences is also proud to be partners with The Journal of Developing Areas. Under the partnership agreement between Tennessee State University and Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences (AABSS) a number of high quality papers drawn from AABSS conferences will be published in the form of Special Issues of The Journal of Developing Areas.

This conference held in Sydney, Australia in April 2015 is the second gathering of researchers under the banner of the Academy. We welcome researchers from around the world. Academics from over 30 countries representing every continent including North America, South America, Africa, Australia, Europe, The Middle East, The Pacific and Asia have gathered to share their latest research and ideas. Papers presented here in this proceeding cover all areas of business and management as well as a number of other areas in the social sciences. In particular you will find papers discussing recent trends in Economics, Management, Marketing, Accounting and Finance, Political Science, Sociology, Education, Social Business and ICT. All papers presented here have been through a rigorous double blind peer review process ensuring the highest level of academic quality and relevance.

Stephen Boyle, PhD
Dean, Academic Affairs
Division of Business
University of South Australia
Adelaide, SA, Australia

April 7, 2015

Message from the Editor of The Journal of Developing Areas

It is indeed with great pleasure, I am writing this little note. Since I took over as editor of The Journal of Developing Areas (The JDA) in the early 2000s, I have been cherishing a dream, to be actively involved in organizing international conferences in partnership with a group like AABSS. I am exceedingly pleased that finally my dream has come true.

Today, at this momentous occasion, I have yet another dream that the JDA and AABSS would go a long way shoulder to shoulder upholding the highest standards in partnership, research, and creativity. I am confident that this cooperative initiative would last long and be a perpetual beacon of inspiration for serious and academic researchers around the world, especially the youngsters.

I believe, the methodologies and the findings contained in this collection would stimulate and encourage people in the academia and in policy making to be more innovative and productive in the years to come. I wish it to be a great success.

Abu N M Wahid, PhD
Editor, The Journal of Developing Areas
Nashville, TN. USA

April 7, 2015

PROGRAM ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CONFERENCE INAUGURATOR
Steven Holliday – Central Queensland University, Australia

CONFERENCE CHAIR
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia, Australia

PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR
Ezaz Ahmed – Central Queensland University, Australia

CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia, Australia
Abu N.M. Wahid – Tennessee State University, USA
David Hamilton - Central Queensland University, Australia
ABM Abdullah – University of South Australia
Belayet Hossain - Thompson Rivers University, Canada
Brian D’Netto - Charles Sturt University, Australia
Carmen Reaiche Amaro - University of South Australia, Australia
Erich Fein - University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Ezaz Ahmed – Central Queensland University, Australia
Mohammad Muazzem Hossain - Grant McEwan University, Canada
Paul Krust – Central Queensland University, Australia
Ramudu Bhanugopan - Charles Sturt University, Australia
Wahid Murad – University of South Australia
Zhan Su - Laval University, Canada

KEYNOTE SPEAKERS
Scott Bowman – Central Queensland University, Australia
Ronald D. Johnson – North Dakota University, USA
Vinny Caraballo - Global Targeting Inc., USA
Lee Di Milia – Central Queensland University, Australia

SOCIAL BUSINESS WORKSHOP SPEAKERS
Prodip Ray – University of New South Wales, Australia
Mahfuz Ashraf – University of New South Wales, Australia
Amir Khashru – Yunus Center, Bangladesh

SESSION CHAIRS
A.K.M Atiqur Rahman – North South University, Bangladesh
Abu N.M. Wahid – Tennessee State University, USA
Abu Siddique – The University of Western Australia, Australia
Batoul M Khalifa – Qatar University, Qatar
Belayet Hossain – Thompson Rivers University, Canada
Brian D’Netto – Curtin University, Australia
Carmen Reaiche Amaro – University of South Australia, Australia
Dolly Sunny – Indian Institute Technology, India
Geoffrey Ross Chapman – Central Queensland University, Australia
Mahfuz Ashraf – University of New South Wales, Australia
Malik Muhammad Sheheryar Khan - Australia
Marie-France Waxin - American University of Sharjah, UAE
Michael McGrath – Victoria University, Australia
Paul Krust – Central Queensland University, Australia
Peter John Kavalamthara – Curtin University, Australia
Pradeep Ray – University of New South Wales, Australia
Ramudu Bhanugopan – Charles Sturt University, Australia
Stephen Beaumont – CENTED, Argentina
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia, Australia
Wahid Murad – University of South Australia, Australia
Widad Pitrus – Monash University, Australia

BEST PAPER AWARD COMMITTEE
Stephen Boyle – University of South Australia, Australia
Abu N.M. Wahid – Tennessee State University, USA
Carmen Reaiche Amaro – University of South Australia, Australia
Wahid Murad – University of South Australia, Australia

VENUE AND LOGISTICS
Steven Holliday – Central Queensland University, Australia
Alison Hensley – Central Queensland University, Australia
Stephanie Gatt - Central Queensland University, Australia
Annette Kalczynska - Central Queensland University, Australia
Ezaz Ahmed – Central Queensland University, Australia
Ataus Samad – Central Queensland University, Australia
Gofran Faroqi – Flinders University, Australia

ICT AND WEBSITE MANAGEMENT
Khalid Saifullah – Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences, Australia

PHOTOGRAPY AND VIDEO RECORDING
Tariqul Hasan – Sydney, Australia

ACBSS 2015 SYDNEY CONFERENCE SPONSORS

The Australian Academy of Business and Social Sciences thanks the following sponsors for making the ACBSS 2015, Sydney Conference possible through their generous contributions.